Partner 16 – Entente Interdépartementale pour la Demoustication (EID)
EID, Montpellier, France. Since its creation in 1958, the principal mission of the Entente Interdépartementale pour la Démoustication du Littoral Méditerranéen (EID Méditerranée) has been to reduce mosquito (Culicidae) nuisance to a tolerable level. The nuisance arises from mosquitoes breeding in the wetlands on the margins of coastal marshes and lagoons in the five departments (administrative regions) of the Languedoc-Roussillon and Provence Regions: Pyrénées-Orientales, Aude, Hérault, Gard and Bouches-du-Rhône. EID Méditerranée is equipped with a R&D laboratory (10 permanent and 10 temporary employees) studying biocides and methodological choices (effectiveness evaluation on behalf of agropharmaceutical firms for registration purposes in accordance with Directive 98/8/EC), the biology of target species, entomological monitoring carried out for arboviral disease re-emergence surveillance schemes, and unintentional impacts on the environment. The EID’s laboratory carries out numerous national and European joint projects (PNETOX, CES DIBBECO, LIFE99 ENV/F/000489, LIFE08 ENV/F/000488 starting by January 2010, FP6 EDEN project) and co-supervises PhD theses. Control strategies are based on ecological mapping and GIS tools.
Bluetongue is studied in EID Méditerranée since 2000 in the French Mediterranean basin, especially on the entomological survey network. EID is involved in the efficacy evaluation of insecticides for culicoides control using susceptibility bioassays for culicoides vs. deltamethrin and other alternative veterinary insecticides. Different ways of application are also investigated on sheep (pour on and spray). Wild population directly collected in field and Culicoides nubeculosus reared in EID’s insectarium are used in these tests. The good knowledge of the field and large experience of entomological survey and field efficacy trials allow EID to conduct expert’s evaluations on the Culicoides imicola expansion in France (Var -83 and Pyrénées-Orientales-66).